Tashkent is the capital of the Republic of Uzbekistan and one of the most ancient cities appeared on the Great Silk Road from China to Europe.Tashkent lies in the northeastern part of the country. It is situated at an elevation of 1,475 to 1,575 feet (450 to 480 metres) in the Chirchiq River valley west of the Chatkal Mountains and is intersected by a series of canals from the Chirchiq River. The city probably dates from the 2nd or the 1st century BCE and was variously known as Dzhadzh, Chachkent, Shashkent, and Binkent; the name Tashkent, which means “Stone Village” in Uzbek, was first mentioned in the 11th century.
Since Tashkent was the city of rich merchants and craftsmen, the major part of buildings were mainly caravanserais, mosques, and mausoleums.
Tashkent has a unique flavor that merges medieval buildings, stylish European architecture, Soviet-style concrete buildings and gleaming skyscrapers of glass and concrete. The city’s heritage sites include the Oq-Tepa District, the Mausoleum of Abubakr Mukhammed Kaffal Chachi which boasts beautiful architecture, museums such as the Museum of Applied Arts and the Museum of Fine Arts which take you back in time. Courtesy its Islamic heritage, are various mosques and noteworthy Islamic sites, including the Islamic University.The heart of the city is the Amir Timur Square which is surrounded by the buildings of the State Museum of Timurids, the Palace for International Forums, Tashkent State University of Law and the symbol of the city - Tashkent Clock Towers.